Brazil loses R $ 291,4 billion to the illegal market

Brazil lost R $ 291,4 billion reais to the illegal market in 2019, according to a survey that has been carried out since 2014 by the National Forum Against Piracy and Illegality (FNCP). The value is the sum of the losses recorded by 15 industrial sectors and the estimate of taxes that are no longer collected due to this illegality.

The amount increases much more than the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). While Brazil's GDP increased by 2019% in 1,1, the illegality market is growing. The loss of the sectors was R $ 199,6 billion, which added to an average of the tax evasion (R $ 91,8 billion) reached R $ 291,4 billion. This average was made with the percentage of 46%, but there are products, such as cigarettes, where the tax can reach 90%.

An estimate by the Latin American Smuggling Alliance (ALAC) also points out that, on average, the illegal market corresponds to 2% of the GDP of Latin American countries. In Brazil, this percentage is at least 7.85%. “The GDP does not grow significantly, it is stabilized, but illegality is increasing more and more”, says Edson Vismona, president of the FNCP.

For the entity, this annual survey is very important for the productive sectors, which thus demonstrate the billion dollar losses to the illegal market. “This action attests that the illegal economy is growing, the damage only increases and it is important to alert society and public authorities to the extent of this gap, emphasizing the need for coordinated and permanent actions to combat illegality, both in the physical and digital markets. , which erodes our development and makes it difficult to attract investments and generate jobs ”, says Vismona.

57% of cigarettes in Brazil are illegal

Cigarettes, the sector most affected by contraband, for example, lost R $ 15,9 billion last year. In 2018, it was R $ 14,4 billion. According to Ibope data, 57% of cigarettes sold in the country are illegal. The latest survey conducted by the institute showed growth in the illegal tobacco market for the sixth consecutive year: of the 57% illegal, 49% were smuggled (mainly from Paraguay). As a result, 63,4 billion criminal cigarettes flooded Brazilian cities - it is known that this product is used to finance militias and drug trafficking.

A study by Oxford Economics also found that the operations of legitimate cigarette manufacturers support 25,9 jobs in Brazil. The illegal cigarette market has stopped the tobacco industry from generating 27 jobs.

Another example of the expression of illegality is seen in the fuel sector, which reached the amount of R $ 23 billion. According to Vismona, this significant value occurred because the segment improved the data. "They added, in addition to losses due to fraud, also theft and fuel diversion in the pipelines", says the president of FNCP.

The FNCP survey has been carried out since 2014 and is based on data pointed out by the productive sectors themselves, which have their own metrics (research, market evaluation). The 15 segments covered by the FNCP study are clothing; glasses; cigarette; Cable TV; personal hygiene, perfumery and cosmetics; alcoholic beverages; fuels; audio-visual; pesticides; cell phones; imported perfumes; sports equipment; toys; software; and electronics (PCs, Servers, Networking, Printers / Toners / Ink Cartridges and Security Equipment).

Illegal trade is the world's second largest economy

The value of illegal trade is 8% to 15% of the world economy, according to a recent study by Euromonitor consultancy signed by Philip Buchanan and Lourdes Chavarria.

The highest estimate is $ 12 trillion in 2014, the same size as China's GDP, the world's second largest economy.

In 2013, 2,3 billion pharmaceutical products and 470 million electronic products were confiscated around the world. In the US alone, more than $ 1,7 billion in counterfeiting was retained at the border in the same year.

Counterfeit bags in New York's Chinatown neighborhood: the original version costs up to 100 times more. Photo by Exam.com

Illegal trade is defined as the “production, import, export, sale and purchase of goods that do not follow the current legislation in any specific jurisdiction”.

They range from selling overdue medicines to counterfeiting famous brands or making alcoholic beverages at home.

Source: Exam (09/10)

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Without border operations, Brazil lost R $ 10 billion in taxes

Between 2011 and 2014, the federal government lost at least R $ 10 billion in taxes not collected because it allowed smuggled products into Brazil.

This is the point of an unprecedented study by Idesf (Institute of Economic and Social Development of Borders), released on Wednesday (16) in Brasilia.

Without border operations, Brazil loses an average of R $ 3 billion per year, according to a study
Avener Prado / Folhapress

Source: Folha de São Paulo Online (16/09)

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'New Computer Law increases smuggling in Amazonas'

The statement is from an analyst who points to the readjustment of national electronics prices as an incentive to purchase irregulars.

Disclosure Portal IN TIME (13/09)
Disclosure Portal IN TIME.

Products from different sectors enter the country illegally, without proper technical or health certification. They do not collect taxes and, in addition to harming the health of the population, it subtracts the employment of Brazilians, increases insecurity in cities and borders and attacks sovereignty and national defense.

The recent amendment to the Computer Law, which readjusted values ​​of electronic products by up to 10%, according to experts, increases the risk of smuggling products such as smartphones, tablets, modems, computers and notebooks also in Amazonas.

Source: Portal EM TEMPO (13/09)

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Defense discloses balance of Operation Agate 9

During the ten days of the Agate operation, 9 more than four tons of marijuana and 65 tons of foodstuffs were seized without origin. The smuggling of prohibited materials and the embezzlement of goods, without paying taxes, are valued at approximately R $ 700.

The balance of the operation carried out along the entire Brazilian western border was released last Saturday (2). According to the defense minister, Jaques Wagner, the operation, in addition to serving for cross-border protection, is a tool for training troops. “Many people tell me that Agate should be permanent and definitive. This is difficult, but I think it is necessary to do it more often ”, he added.

To date, the work of government agencies and the Armed Forces has been responsible for 42.509 inspections, surveys and searches at road blocking and control posts distributed between Rondônia and Paraná, in the border strip of these states. There were still 709 river patrols, motorized or on foot.

The Brazilian Air Force (FAB), together with the National Civil Aviation Agency (Anac), inspected eight aerodromes, in addition to carrying out 60 approaches, 24 notifications, nine interdictions and the seizure of an irregular aircraft in Porto Velho (RO).

The Brazilian Intelligence Agency (Abin) acted in the production of information that helped in the planning and execution of tactical and repressive actions. The work, in cooperation with Anac and the Amazon Protection System Management and Operational Center (Censipam), resulted in the detection of about 200 landing strips on private properties and areas of environmental preservation in the border regions.

In this edition, the military apparatus operated in 166 municipalities ranging from Vista Alegre do Abunã (RO) to Foz do Iguaçu (PR), involving 5.310 Navy, Army and Air Force military personnel and 255 professionals from federal agencies and state and municipal public agencies . In all, 46 federal, state and municipal institutions participated in Agate 9.

For the head of Joint Operations of the Ministry of Defense, Admiral Ademir Sobrinho, the interoperability between government agencies, public security agencies and the Armed Forces is already consolidated, after the completion of nine editions of Operation Agate. "We must act more intensively next year, in support of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games," said the admiral.

To learn more, visit: http://www.brasil.gov.br/defesa-e-seguranca/2015/08/de-acordo-com-ministro-operacao-agata-deve-ser-permanente

And to learn more about combating smuggling, visit: http://www.naoaocontrabando.com.br/

Federal Court of Auditors: public policy for the country's borders is non-existent

Report presented by Minister Augusto Nardes concludes that greater integration is needed at the federal level for border protection

A report released this Wednesday (9/9) by Minister Augusto Nardes, from the Federal Court of Accounts, presents a bleak scenario for public policies aimed at Brazilian borders. The report is a diagnosis of the stage of development in which the governance system inserted in these policies is located, of its components related to institutionalization, plans and objectives.

One of the main conclusions of the work is that, currently, the country does not have institutionalized policies in law to guide, in an integrated way, the governmental action related to border issues, which contributes to this being a theme marked by several weaknesses.

Source: Amambai Notícias website (09/09)

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Piracy of TV signals generates losses of about R $ 4 billion

Brazil concentrates the largest volume of piracy of cable TV signals in Latin America, generating a loss of approximately R $ 4 billion for companies. This was one of the main issues discussed at the opening of the ABTA (Brazilian Pay-TV Association) Congress, along with the need to approve Bill 239, which aims to make the punishment for those who use the illegal signal more rigid and specific.

Source: Site Band News TV (05/08)

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